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Unit 1 Friends
一.重点单词
1.honest :(an honest student) 反义词 dishonest
2.secret: (keep a secret )
3.joy: ( adj. joyful)
cheer–cheerful  use-useful  care-careful  help-helpful  forget-forgetful
4.special :(c.f. especial)  a special friend
5.sad: ( sadder saddest, sadly)
hot,red,thin,slim,big,fat也要双写
6.believe :( c.f. believe in )
7.musical: ( n. music  n. musician 音乐家 )
a piece of music  What wonderful music it is!
8.slim : (反义词 fat  slimmer-slimmest)
9.willing :( be willing to do sth.=be ready to do sth.)
10.ready (be/get ready to do sth.  be/get ready for sth.)
11.sing: (sing-sang-sung , singer)
12.almost :(=nearly)
13.eyesight: (U  What poor eyesight I have!) What a bad memory I have!
14.round: (c.f.around )       
15.humour : (a sense of humour ) adj. humorous
16.bored : (c.f.boring)
17.fit: (fit-fitted-fitted , fitting , keep fit)
18.off: be off 离开,取消 get off 离开,动身 day off 休假  dry off 弄干  fall off 落下
19.advertisement: ( v. advertise  an advertisement )
20.everyone: (c.f. someone, anyone, none)
21.true adj. (c.f. real adj.) n. truth  adv. truly
22.vote : ( vote for sb.)
23.thin  (thinner-thinnest)反义词 strong
24.handsome: (c.f. beautiful , pretty)
25. cheerful: ( v. cheer)  cheer for/up/sb.on/on
26. better: (good / well的比较级)
27. worse: ( bad/ill/badly的比较级) 最高级是worst
28.height: n. (adj. high  c.f. tall)
How high is this mountain? = What’s the height of the mountain?
He is 1.82 meters tall. = He is 1.82 meters in height.
29.go hiking/cycling/camping/skiing/diving
30.outdoor: (反义词 indoor)
31.activity: ( after-school activities  adj. active  adv. actively)
John often takes an active part in the school activities.
32.solve: ( solve the problem = work out the problem)
33.future: ( in the future , the future plan)
34.famous: ( be famous for /as )
35.sporty: (c.f. sport/ sports)
36.agree: ( n. agreement)  agree with sb./ agree to do sth./ agree on sth.
37.uncomfortable: (反义词 comfortable  adv. comfortably )
38.advice  u n. a piece of advice   some advice = some suggestions
v. advise  advise sb. to do sth.
39.smiling: adj. smiling eyes
n./v. smile  wear a smile on one’s face
40.appearance: n. (v. appear 反义词 disappear)
41.pleasant: ( c.f. pleased / pleasure)
二.重点短语
1. give seats to sb. in need                                  2. want to be a singer
3. travel around the world                                 4. a wonderful friend named Max 
5. have poor eyesight                                      6. because of
7. make sb. look smart                                     8. feel bored or unhappy 
9. tell funny jokes                                             10. make me laugh
11. walk past                                                   12. knock off
13. think of                                                    14. a true friend
15. say a bad word about                                         16. have a good sense of humour
17. shoulder-length hair                                    18. be generous to sb.
19. vote for                                                     20. sit alone in the playground
21. give sb. some advice/suggestions                 22. dark brown 
23. live next to                                                24. have a square face 
25. smiling eyes                                               26. look really pretty and kind
27.wear a smile on one’s face                                   28.work with children
29.answer questions correctly                                  30 .walk through the square
三.重点句型
1. Can I have something to drink, please?
2. There is nothing else in the fridge.
3. I never feel bored when I am with him.
4. How do you like the food? =How do you think/find the food? =What do you think of the food?
5. She is willing/ready to share things with her friends.
6.What makes your friend so special?
7. I don’t think any of these outside activities are dangerous if we’re careful.
8. I would like to be a social worker when I grow up.
9. That’s what we think too.
10. I thought of my good friend May when I read your advertisement.
11. Don’t be nervous/late/shy/worried.
12. I got to know her ten years ago. = I have known her for ten years.
四. 语法知识
形容词的用法和结构
形容词是用来描写或修饰名词或代词,说明人或事物的归属性质、状态、大小或数量的词。
1. 作定语
Jerry has an interesting book.
He is a famous Chinese boy.
You can see something interesting
2 .作表语
Tony looks handsome
系动词有:be, become, turn, get ,seem, grow
smell, taste, sound, look, feel ,stay, go, keep
3.作补语
The good news made him happy.
He found it easy to tell funny jokes
形容词的比较级有三级,即原级、比较级和最高极。
1. 形容词的原级
形容词的原级形式是其本身,我们需记两个句型。as + 形容词原级 + as
他和他父亲一样高。He is as tall as his father.
其否定形式为:not so (as) + 形容词原级+as
2. 形容词的比较级和最高级的构成。
3. 形容词比较级结构:
(1. 形容词的比较级加than     Sandy’s hair is longer than mine.
(2. 形容词比较级+名词+than   He carried more books than me.
(3. less +形容词原级 + than     His drawing is less beautiful than mine.
(4. less/ fewer +形容词原级+名词+than   He made fewer mistakes than before.
(5. the +形容词比较级 +the +形容词比较级.  The more you eat, the fatter you will be.
形容词的比较级可以由
 far, even, much, a lot, a bit, a little, a little bit, rather 等词来修饰表程度。
4. 形容词最高级基本结构为
 the + 形容词最高级 +比较范围 ( 如介词 of/in/among的短语或that 从句。
同义句转换.
Tom is the tallest boy in his class.
No boy is so tall as Tom in his class.
He is taller than the other boys in his class.
He is taller than any other boy in his class.
He is taller than the others in his class.
五.书面表达
My best friend
Introduction: My best friend is … She lives… We have been friends for …
Appearance:    He is … He has …. That makes him look ..
Personality/ abilities: He is a … boy. He likes …He always …When I feel…, he ….
Conclusion:  He likes… He would like to be…I believe he will be …
My best friend
My best friend is called Betty. She is 14 years old. She is 1.60 metres tall. She has a round face and two big eyes.  She is really a cheerful girl.  She is good at swimming and she can play the piano very well. She is polite and helpful. She is always willing to help people in need. She is generous. She often donates money to Project Hope. She wants to be a scientist when she grows up. She studies hard.
六 Homework :
I. 梳理Unit 1 的知识要点
II.完成《中考作业本》8Aunit1的练习;
III. 复习8A Unit 2: 词汇、课文、语法及写作。

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